Dripping faucets, molten bulbs or strips of tensioned blinds and always the same dispute between landlord and tenant. Who is responsible for paying certain bills in the rental of a home? They are quicksand open to a multitude of interpretations that bring lawyers, consumer associations and even the judges themselves upside down. “It is impossible to give a universal answer and you have to look at each specific case to know who is responsible for paying.
As a general framework, the lessor is obliged to carry out, without the right to raise the rent, all the repairs that are necessary to keep the house in habitable conditions to serve the agreed use, except when the deterioration of the repair of which is attributable To the tenant. For example, large arrangements or replacement for obsolete appliances and furniture run on their own. However, the thing changes if the washing machine jam is caused by a tenant’s negligence. Therefore, the technician’s report indicating the cause of the breakage or breakdown is key.
For its part, the lessee has the obligation to keep the house as if it were his own, making the necessary small repairs required by the wear and tear of the ordinary use of the house.
This is the source of all disputes between landlords and tenants. Many end up in court. “If a bulb burns out, the knob of a door falls or a mirror is broken, the tenant must take charge, according to jurisprudence, if the repair cost is less than 150 euros,” they indicate in Reparalia. The Provincial Court of Murcia in a sentence of 2001 specified: we are facing a small repair when “the bill is approximately half the current cost of a new washing machine.”